1986

A year of great changes

In 1986, humanity was confident. Nature has been conquered, the planet is entangled in transport routes, and energy has filled the most remote places with life.

Dictatorships that seemed eternal were falling in the world, and the word "perestroika" was first heard in the Soviet Union. The Mir station ascended to Earth's orbit, and the main cruise liner of the Soviet Union went to the bottom of the sea. Maradona scored the most famous goal in history, and Dynamo Kyiv won the Cup Winners' Cup.

1986 was a year of great change and great lessons. Take a look at it to better understand that time.

001. Technologies

002. Sport

003. ARCHITECTURE

004. Fashion

005. Tragedies

006. Politics

007. Cinema

008. Music

Catastrophe

Terrible finale of the big race

The ideological war with half the world forced the Union to constantly prove that it could be even more powerful, faster, more. This applied to all industries - and, of course, nuclear energy. The party demanded ahead of schedule: hundreds of tons per shift, thousands of hectares for fields, five years in three years.

But behind the front of declared prosperity hid fatal mistakes, the silence of any failures and complete disregard for human rights.

The accident of April 26, 1986 was not the first for the USSR. Moreover, this accident was not the first even for Chernobyl itself.

In the end, radiation, an invisible enemy, did what the Union's eternal rivals could not achieve for 70 years - it shook and knocked the ear to its clay feet.

001. Atomgrad

002. Construction of the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant

003. Accidents prior to 1986

004. The night of 26 April

005. Initial response

006. The two realities

007. The evacuation

008. Mayday

009. The Liquidation

010. Gorbachev

011. The Trial

012. The Station Shuts down

013. Prypiat’s last remaining resident

Atom

"There is none in the world
nothing but atoms
and emptiness… »

Democritus

Атом
Атом

The exclusion zone has become a unique study area. Here, technologies for decommissioning power units and radioactive waste management are being developed, the behavior of radionuclides in the environment is being studied, and decision support systems for radiological accidents are being developed. The Chernobyl disaster gave impetus to the development of the concept of safety culture, which is the basis for the safe operation of more than 400 nuclear reactors around the world.

But still - why did the accident happen? Why did the "peaceful atom" get out of control? Finally, how long will the decay of radionuclides in the exclusion zone last?

To find the answers to these questions, we need to go back to the origins - and understand the nature of the atom.

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People

In this house
live stories.

They talk about those who sacrificed their lives on the night of April 26, and those who went to the best worlds out of longing for home. Those who risked their health, and those whose childhood remained forever in the ghost town.

Stories of courage, warmth, fear, hope and love. Stories about different times, circumstances and places, united by one thing — the Chornobyl stigma. Uncried longing.

001. ANNA ROMANCHUK

ANNA ROMANCHUK
Recollections for "Chornobyl. Journey,” April 2021

002. SVITLANA KOVALCHUK

SVITLANA KOVALCHUK
Recollections for Chornobyl. Journey, April 2021

003. ANDRII SHABANOV AND OLHA ZAKREVSKA

ANDRII SHABANOV AND OLHA ZAKREVSKA
THEY WERE EVACUATED FROM PRYPIAT AS CHILDREN

004. IRYNA VIKHREVA

IRYNA VIKHREVA
A RESIDENT OF KYIV IN 1986

005. ANNA BRIUZGINA

ANNA BRIUZGINA
DAUGHTER OF OLEKSANDR KHOMENKO, LIQUIDATOR

006. VALENTYN LIGUS

VALENTYN LIGUS
LIQUIDATOR, SERVED IN A SPECIAL MOTORISED POLICE UNIT AT THE TIME OF THE DISASTER

007. BORYS LUKASHENKO

BORYS LUKASHENKO
HEAD OF CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION AT THE CHORNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT, RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PRYPIAT AND THE NUCLEAR POWER PLANT (THIRD PHASE)

008. MARIIA PROTSENKO

MARIIA PROTSENKO
CHIEF ARCHITECT OF PRYPIAT AT THE TIME OF THE DISASTER

009. SERHII SOFIN

SERHII SOFIN
ON THE DAY OF THE DISASTER, HE WAS TWO YEARS OLD AND LIVED IN KYIV

010. VIKTOR KUCHYNSKYI

VIKTOR KUCHYNSKYI
LIQUIDATOR

011. LILIIA PETRENKO

LILIIA PETRENKO
In 1986, SHE LIVED IN PRYPIAT

012. VIKTORIIA DETZEL

VIKTORIIA DETZEL

013. MAKSYM KREMEN

MAKSYM KREMEN
IN 1986, HE WORKED AT CHORNOBYL AS A TECHNOLOGICAL SYSTEMS ADJUSTER. LIQUIDATOR

014. OLENA HAIDAI

OLENA HAIDAI
AS A CHILD, SHE LIVED IN ONE OF THE VILLAGES WHERE EVACUEES FROM THE EXCLUSION ZONE WERE BROUGHT

015. VASYL NESTERENKO

VASYL NESTERENKO
FORMER HEAD OF THE BELARUS ACADEMY OF SCIENCES INSTITUTE OF NUCLEAR ENERGY

016. ANTON FALTYNSKYI

ANTON FALTYNSKYI
NEPHEW OF OLDRICH GLAVATI – THE CHEMIST WHO DISCOVERED A WAY TO NEUTRALISE THE RADIOACTIVE DUST

017. PETRO SHAVREI

PETRO SHAVREI
FIREMAN

018. VALENTYN FEDULENKO

VALENTYN FEDULENKO
SCIENTIST AT THE KURCHATOV INSTITUTE

019. OLEKSANDR SYROTA

OLEKSANDR SYROTA
ON 26 APRIL 1986, HE WAS IN THIRD GRADE, STUDYING AT PRYPIAT SCHOOL No.1

020. NADIA PERSHINA

NADIA PERSHINA
ON 26 APRIL 1986, SHE WORKED IN PRYPIAT AS A LIBRARIAN

021. OLEKSANDR YURKOV

OLEKSANDR YURKOV
LIQUIDATOR, TOOK PART IN THE DECONTAMINATION OF IRRADIATED VILLAGES.

022. ANDRIY SHABANOV AND OLGA ZAKREVSKA

ANDRIY SHABANOV AND OLGA ZAKREVSKA
They were taken from Pripyat with small children.

023. VALERII REPETA

VALERII REPETA
Operator of special water treatment of the chemical shop of the 4th unit of the Chernobyl NPP.

024. TETIANA VARYTSKA

TETIANA VARYTSKA
ON 26 APRIL SHE WORKED AT THE PRYPIAT SCHOOL OF ARTS.

025. ANATOLII BARTCHAK

ANATOLII BARTCHAK
SENIOR FIREFIGHTER WITH INDEPENDENT MILITARISED FIRE BRIGADE NO.6 , KYIV. SERVED IN THE 3RD GUARD, WHICH, FOLLOWING THE ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT COMMISSION, RESPONDED TO THE ALARM AND RODE OUT TO EXTINGUISH THE FIRE IN THE CABLE TUNNELS OF THE FOURTH POWER UNIT OF THE CHORNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT.

026. THE SOLDIERS’ CHOIR. A PIECE FROM THE CHAPTER

THE SOLDIERS’ CHOIR. A PIECE FROM THE CHAPTER
Excerpt from Chornobyl Prayer by Svitlana Alexievich, Komora Publishing House, 2019

027. Maryna Syvets

Maryna Syvets
ON 26 APRIL 1986, SHE WAS LIVING IN PRYPIAT AND WAS IN HER FIFTH MONTH OF PREGNANCY

028. VASYL MOLEI

VASYL MOLEI
ON 26 APRIL 1986, HE WAS ON SHIFT AS AN ELECTRICAL ENGINEER AT THE CHORNOBYL POWER PLANT. HE WORKED ON PREPARING THE TEST.

029. HALYNA SULIMOVA

HALYNA SULIMOVA
ON 26 APRIL 1986, SHE WAS LIVING IN PRYPIAT AND WORKED AT THE CHORNOBYLPLANT CHEMICAL LABORATORY

030. VALERII SULIMOV

VALERII SULIMOV
ON 26 APRIL 1986 HE WAS LIVING IN PRYPIAT, AND WORKED AT THE CHORNOBYL POWER PLANT CHEMICAL LABORATORY

031. KATERYNA KHOLODOVA

KATERYNA KHOLODOVA
WIFE OF LIQUIDATOR LEONID KHOLODOV

032. SERHII MYRNYI

SERHII MYRNYI
LIQUIDATOR, RADIATION RECONNAISSANCE OFFICER

Nature

The main owner
of the exclusion zone

Природа
Природа

When the Chornobyl accident took place, it was difficult to predict what consequences it would have for all living things.

However, since 1986, when people first left the city of Pripyat, then the 10- and 30-kilometer zone around the Chornobyl nuclear power plant, nature has been the main host here. The exclusion zone has become a unique reserve. In 2016, she received this status officially.

Today, scientists from all over the world are conducting research on the territory of the Chornobyl Radiation and Ecological Biosphere Reserve - the largest in Ukraine. The collected data are very important not only for Ukraine, they are used by the whole world.

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Exclusion zone from a bird's eye view

Aircraft are officially banned from flying over Pripyat and Chornobyl. However, it is still possible to look at the nuclear power plant, the cities of Pripyat and Chornobyl, the secret object "Rainbow" and the abandoned villages of Polissya from a bird's eye view - thanks to VR.

Play VR

Today,
tomorrow

The future of the exclusion zone

Over time, with the change of generations, with each new study, we experience and rethink Chornobyl as a phenomenon.

This block presents reporting and art projects, media library, international experience of disaster recovery, professional discussion on the future of the exclusion zone. We invite you to join the discussion.

In the language of posters, new and traditional media, we summarize "today" and look at "tomorrow" of Chornobyl.

001. Hiroshima. Memorial City

002. Bikini Atoll. Atomic tourism

003. Fukushima. New energy

004. Gulf of Mexico. The research area

005. Viktoriia Ivlieva, reportage photography

006. Viktor Marushchenko, photoproject

007. Ihor Yanovych, Mariia Bykova, “Context” project

008. Roman Hryhoriv and Illia Razumeiko, Chornobyldorf

009. Maksym Dondiuk, Untitled project from Chornobyl

010. The Triennial of the ecological poster “The 4th Unit”

011. Sounds of Chornobyl

012. ARTEFACT

Chornobyl media library

The explosion of the reactor caused an explosion in the information space and the creative sphere. The sensitivity of culture and awareness of the consequences of the catastrophe launched a process of diverse interpretation of the Chornobyl theme. Classical and popular music, philosophical and historical texts, which step by step reconstructed the events of 1986.
As well as cinema - documentary and art, contemporary art and, finally, the computer game Stalker, which fascinated the whole world.

The media library presents works created after the tragedy.

Вialogue about the future

There are many ideas for the development of the exclusion zone. They need to be considered in the light of the fact that Chornobyl is part of our historical heritage, still a dangerous place with an excessive background of radiation and at the same time a magnet for people from all over the world. Burial place of radioactive waste and one of the most protected areas in Europe. Chornobyl is an inexhaustible source of research and reflection for both scientists and artists.
Experts from various fields joined the dialogue on the future of Chornobyl.

Forest

The forest, as the final chord, grows today not only on the streets, roofs and stadiums of Pripyat, the forest grows a large part of our past, our memory, which is moving away not only from the catastrophe, but also from the Soviet era. The reactor explosion marked the beginning of the end of the empire. 35 years have passed - and the symbols of the once powerful, but completely false system, are also rapidly covered with moss and shrubs.

Finally, the forest grows here as a symbol of the absolute purity of nature, its extraordinary power of restoration, a new page and the beginning of a new life. We are sure that Chornobyl has it.

Chernobyl. Journey

Thank you for this journey. Follow the news on social media CHORNOBYL.TODAY.

Book a tour
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At the initiative of the Office of the President of Ukraine

Organizers

Official partners

Technical partners

Media partner

Project initiative group

Natalia Yemchenko,
Lala Tarapakina,
Eugene Mushkin

Victoria Titova,
Tatiana Kukhotska

Exhibition project team:

Project leader:

Yaroslava Gres

Curator:

Pavlo Gudimov

Scientific adviser:

Oleg Nasvit

Scientific Council:

Olena Parenyuk, Natalia Shevchenko, Valery Kashparov, Mark Zheleznyak, Mykola Steinberg, Oleksandr Novikov, Yuriy Skaletsky, Denis Vyshnevsky, Leonid Frantsevich

Editor-in-chief:

Yuriy Marchenko

Project consultants:

Yana Barinova, Alexander Sirota

Experts:

Serhiy Myrnyi, Anna Korolevska, Natalia Dziubenko, Lyubov Morozova, Heorhiy Kasyanov, Tamara Gundorova

General manager:

Julia Solovey

Management:

Mykhailo Vybodovsky, Oleksandra Kulinich, Natalia Stanko, Yaryna Kruchenyuk, Anastasia Ishchenko, Olga Gdulya

Art director:

Tatiana Avramenko

Design:

Kateryna Bolshakova, Serhiy Sofin, Oleksandr Burdin, Serhiy Goltvyansky, Olga Levchuk, Dmytro Polishchuk

Architecture:

Vyacheslav Balbek, Maryan Beresh, Anastasia Vinidiktova, Alina Vovkotrub, Sergey Gavrilov, Sofia Gupalovskaya, Vitalina Goshovskaya, Darina Ignatieva, Anton Lebedev, Lyubov Myronchuk, Oleksandr Martyniuk, Anastasia Partyka, Anastasia Romaniv, Tetyana Romas, Yevhenia Ryzhak, Olena Trygub, Borys Dorogov

Set design:

Vyacheslav Balbek, Yaroslava Gres, Pavlo Gudimov

Landscape design:

TERi-TORi

Ландшафтний дизайн:

TERi-TORi

Texts:

Yuriy Marchenko, Tetyana Kremen, Natalia Dzyubenko, Olena Parenyuk, Natalia Shevchenko, Kateryna Nosko, Andriy Alferov, Zoya Zvinyatskivska, Yaroslava Gres, Pavlo Gudimov, Tamara Gundorova

Editing:

Olena Konkova, Oleg Nechiporenko, Tetyana Vatazhyshyna

Translation:

Kateryna Draganchuk, Zakariy Nelson

Photo:

Andriy Gorb, Dan Balashov, Maxim Bilousov, Artem Kizyuk, Alamy Ltd, GettyImages Ukraine, Shutterstock, Creative Commons, Depositphotos

Video production:

Oleksandr Shkrabak, Yevhen Kozeko, Andriy Ushenko, Dmytro Koshyk, Maria Sypalova, Maria Bondar

VR:

360discoVR

AR:

Mykola Shokurov

Lighting solutions:

Alight

Media installations:

ISD group, Photinus studio, Mykola Marusyk

Software:

Denis Antonenko, Dmitry Pazyura, Danylo Syabro

Transportation:

"Kunsttrans-Kyiv"

Illustrations:

"Seri/hraf, Ilya Ugnivenko (Pictoric)

3D animation:

Michael Bell

Production and installation of the exhibition:

RENTALL, D&D factory, Smart Production, ASA-group, Art Studio 184, UA Makers, Dmytro Pazyura, Yuriy Horpynych, Oleksandr Fil

Mediators:

ED project

Partners:

Chernobyl National Museum
Museum of Civil Defense "Zirka polyn"
Artefact art-project
IGO "Center PRIPYAT.com"
Prymachenko family foundation
Pavel Gudimov Art Center "Ya Halereya”
Megogo
Alexander Dovzhenko National Center
State enterprise "Ukrainian television film studio "Ukrtelefilm"
Central state film and photo archive of Ukraine named after H. S. Pshenichny
Tikerum LLC
State enterprise "Ukrainian studio of chronicle and documentary films"
Folio Publishing House
Portal Publishing House
Komora Publishing House
LAW NET

Works provided by:

Pink Floyd, HBO, Natalia Zhyzhchenko, Roman Hryhoriv, ​​Ilya Razumeiko, Yuriy Kosin, Kazuma Obara, Robert Polidori, Eduard Dimshits, Viktor Marushchenko's family, Maria Prymachenko's family, Ihor Yanovych, Maria Bykova, Maksym Dondyuk, Taras Polov Krylov, Victoria Ivleva, Yulia Sinkevych's family, Daniel White, Serhiy Lysenko, "Vopli Vidopliasova", FC "Dynamo" Kyiv, Association of graphic designers "4th Block", Oleg Veklenko, Oleksandr Syrota, IHO Center PRIPYAT.com, Chernobyllab, Igor Kostin's family, Chornobyl NPP, Yaroslav Vedmid, Igor Savichenko, Directory Films, Ukrainian league of copyright and related rights, Rostislav Omelyashko, State scientific center for protection of cultural heritage from man-made disasters, State museum of natural history NAS of Ukraine

Archives and libraries:

State archival service of Ukraine
Central state archive-museum of literature and art of Ukraine
State enterprise "Ukrainian studio of chronicle and documentary films"
V. I. Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine
State archives of Kyiv region

Thanks:

Kyrylo Tymoshenko, Heorhiy Zubko, Artem Bidenko, National complex "Expocenter of Ukraine", Kooperativ, Oksana Antonova, Sayenko Kharenko, Serhiy Diptan, Viktor Shkurba, Olena Betliy, Andriy Fedoriv, ​​Alyona Pliska, Olga Babych, Serhiy Sakhno, Serhiy Gordienko, Holly Morris, Oleg Veklenko, Maryna Kryachko, Yulia Sinkevych, Oleg Tataryn and TM "ECOTEST", Oleg Grishchenko, Tetyana Moreva, Olga Vasylevska Borukhovsky, Yevhen Kozachenko, Tamara Krasytska, COTIS, Maryna Polyakova, Lidia Karpenko, Darko Skulsky, Oleksandr Krasovytsky, Oleksandr Sokolovsky and Tekstil-Kontakt, Valeria Tolochyna, Iryna Tkachenko, Yuriy Fomichev